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微信小程序 高德地图路线规划实现过程详解

时间:2019-08-05来源/作者:诚享人生 编辑:源码库 文章热度:

前言

最近项目中做到相关网约车小程序。需要使用到地图中的路线规划,对3种地图进行了分析。这里稍微做一下总结:

  • 百度地图 百度坐标 (BD-09)
  • 腾讯地图 火星坐标(GCJ-02)
  • 高德地图 火星坐标(GCJ-02)

微信小程序中使用的是腾讯地图作为底图。因此如果使用百度地图时,需要注意坐标的转换。此类坐标的转换函数在网上都有,这里不做过多解释

准备工作:

1、在做小程序 ---- 路线规划之前,需要准备小程序APPID 以及相应使用地图的KEY值。

2、微信小程序API 之 位置 API wx.getLocation(OBJECT)、wx.chooseLocation(OBJECT)、wx.openLocation(OBJECT)的相应用法:  https://blog.csdn.net/qq_37968920/article/details/82315755

各地图平台-------小程序开发的官方文档

1、高德地图: 微信小程序-路线规划,地图导航功能基于高德地图API官方文档 https://lbs.amap.com/api/wx/guide/route/route

2、百度地图: 微信小程序JavaScript API ----- http://lbsyun.baidu.com/index.php?title=wxjsapi (百度地图路线规划适用于:android / ios / web,故不适用,排除百度地图)

3、腾讯地图: 微信小程序JavaScript SDK 路线规划 --------- https://lbs.qq.com/qqmap_wx_jssdk/method-direction.html

因此使用高德地图和腾讯地图都可以进行路线规划,通过学习官方文档,了解到其实这两个平台的代码思路是一样的,以下以高德地图为例作详细的说明:

微信小程序,高德地图

高德地图-路线规划开发:根据官方文档demo进行开发 :https://lbs.amap.com/api/wx/guide/route/route

注意:数组数据在setData时候的使用方法

    var markesName = "markers[" + 0 + "].name";
    that.setData({
     [markesName]: name,
    })  

注意需要先加载头部的相关文件

var amapFile = require('../../libs/amap-wx.js');
var config = require('../../libs/config.js');

文件config.js

var config = {
 key: '1***********************'
}
module.exports.Config = config;

效果图:

微信小程序,高德地图

微信小程序,高德地图

相关代码:

location.js

var amapFile = require('../../libs/amap-wx.js');
var config = require('../../libs/config.js');
const app = getApp()
Page({ 
 /**
  * 页面的初始数据
  */
 data: {
  markers: [{
   iconPath: "../../img/mapicon_navi_s.png",
   id: 0,
   latitude: 39.989643,
   longitude: 116.481028,
   width: 23,
   height: 33
  }, {
   iconPath: "../../img/mapicon_navi_e.png",
   id: 0,
   latitude: 39.90816,
   longitude: 116.434446,
   width: 24,
   height: 34
  }],
  distance: '',
  cost: '',
  state: 0,
  polyline: []
 }, 
 /**
  * 生命周期函数--监听页面加载
  */
 onLoad: function(options) {
  console.log(11);
  var that = this
  wx.showLoading({
   title: "定位中",
   mask: true
  })
  wx.getLocation({
   type: 'gcj02',
   altitude: true, //高精度定位
   success: function(res) {
    console.info(res);
    var latitude = res.latitude
    var longitude = res.longitude
    var speed = res.speed
    var accuracy = res.accuracy
    that.setData({
     markers: [{
      name: '当前位置',
      latitude: latitude,
      longitude: longitude
     }, {
      name: '您要去哪儿?',
      latitude: '',
      longitude: ''
     }]
    })
   },
   fail: function() {
    wx.showToast({
     title: "定位失败",
     icon: "none"
    })
   }, 
   complete: function() {
    wx.hideLoading()
   }
  })
 },
 getFormAddress: function() {
  var that = this;
  wx.chooseLocation({
   success: function(res) {
    console.log(res);
    var name = res.name
    var address = res.address
    var latitude = res.latitude
    var longitude = res.longitude
    var markesName = "markers[" + 0 + "].name";
    var markesLatitude = "markers[" + 0 + "].latitude";
    var markeslongitude = "markers[" + 0 + "].longitude";
    var markesiconPath = "markers[" + 0 + "].iconPath";
    that.setData({
     [markesName]: name,
     [markesLatitude]: latitude,
     [markeslongitude]: longitude,
     [markesiconPath]: "../../img/mapicon_navi_s.png"
    })
    console.log('address1', that.data);
   },
   fail: function() {
    wx.showToast({
     title: '定位失败',
     icon: "none"
    })
   },
   complete: function() {
    //隐藏定位中信息进度
    wx.hideLoading()
   }
  })
 }, 
 getToAddress: function() {
  var that = this;
  wx.chooseLocation({
   success: function(res) {
    console.log(res);
    var name = res.name
    var address = res.address
    var latitude = res.latitude
    var longitude = res.longitude
    var markesName = "markers[" + 1 + "].name";
    var markesLatitude = "markers[" + 1 + "].latitude";
    var markeslongitude = "markers[" + 1 + "].longitude";
    var markesiconPath = "markers[" + 1 + "].iconPath";
    that.setData({
     [markesName]: name,
     [markesLatitude]: latitude,
     [markeslongitude]: longitude,
     [markesiconPath]: "../../img/mapicon_navi_e.png"
    })
    console.log('address1', that.data);
   },
   fail: function() {
    wx.showToast({
     title: '定位失败',
     icon: "none"
    })
   },
   complete: function() {
    //隐藏定位中信息进度
    wx.hideLoading()
   }
  })
 },
 /**
  * 确定
  */
 getSure: function() {
  var that = this;
  var origin = that.data.markers[0].longitude + ',' + that.data.markers[0].latitude;
  var destination = that.data.markers[1].longitude + ',' + that.data.markers[1].latitude; 
  app.origin = origin;
  app.destination = destination;
  console.log('origin', origin);
  console.log('destination', destination);
  var key = config.Config.key;
  var myAmapFun = new amapFile.AMapWX({
   key: key
  });
  myAmapFun.getDrivingRoute({
   origin: origin,
   destination: destination,
   // origin: '116.481028,39.989643',
   // destination: '116.434446,39.90816',
   success: function(data) {
    var points = [];
    if (data.paths && data.paths[0] && data.paths[0].steps) {
     var steps = data.paths[0].steps;
     for (var i = 0; i < steps.length; i++) {
      var poLen = steps[i].polyline.split(';');
      for (var j = 0; j < poLen.length; j++) {
       points.push({
        longitude: parseFloat(poLen[j].split(',')[0]),
        latitude: parseFloat(poLen[j].split(',')[1])
       })
      }
     }
    }
    that.setData({
     state: 1,
     polyline: [{
      points: points,
      color: "#0091ff",
      width: 6
     }]
    });
    if (data.paths[0] && data.paths[0].distance) {
     that.setData({
      distance: data.paths[0].distance + '米'
     });
    }
    if (data.taxi_cost) {
     that.setData({
      cost: '打车约' + parseInt(data.taxi_cost) + '元'
     });
    }
    console.log('that', that);
   }
  })
 },
 /**
  * 详情页
  */
 goDetail: function() {
  var that = this;
  wx.navigateTo({
   url: '../detail/detail'
  })
 } 
}) 

location.wxml

<view class="map_title">
 <view bindtap='getFormAddress'>
  出发地:<input placeholder="出发地" type="text" name="" bindinput="" value='{{markers[0].name}}' />
 </view>
 <view bindtap='getToAddress'>
  目的地:<input placeholder="目的地" type="text" name="" bindinput="" value='{{markers[1].name}}' />
 </view>
 <button bindtap = 'getSure'>确定</button>
</view>
<view wx:if="{{state==1}}">
 <view class="map_box">
  <map id="navi_map" longitude="{{markers[0].longitude}}" latitude="{{markers[0].latitude}}" scale="12" markers="{{markers}}" polyline="{{polyline}}"></map>
 </view>
 <view class="text_box">
  <view class="text">{{distance}}</view>
  <view class="text">{{cost}}</view>
  <view class="detail_button" bindtouchstart="goDetail">详情</view>
 </view>
</view>

location.wxss

.flex-style{
 display: -webkit-box;
 display: -webkit-flex;
 display: flex;
}
.flex-item{
 height: 35px;
 line-height: 35px;
 text-align: center;
 -webkit-box-flex: 1;
 -webkit-flex: 1;
 flex: 1
}
.flex-item.active{
 color:#0091ff;
}
.map_title{
 position:absolute;
 top: 10px;
 bottom: 110px;
 left: 0px;
 right: 0px;
}
.map_btn{
 position:absolute;
 top: 120px;
 bottom: 220px;
 left: 0px;
 right: 0px;
}
.map_box{
 position:absolute;
 top: 160px;
 bottom: 90px;
 left: 0px;
 right: 0px;
}
#navi_map{
 width: 100%;
 height: 100%;
}
.text_box{
 position:absolute;
 height: 90px;
 bottom: 0px;
 left: 0px;
 right: 0px;
}
.text_box .text{
 margin: 15px;
}
.detail_button{
 position:absolute;
 bottom: 30px;
 right: 10px;
 padding: 3px 5px;
 color: #fff;
 background: #0091ff;
 width:50px;
 text-align:center;
 border-radius:5px;
}

点击详情跳转页,显示导航详细说明:

detail.js

var amapFile = require('../../libs/amap-wx.js');
var config = require('../../libs/config.js');
const app = getApp()
Page({
 data: {
  steps: {}
 },
 onLoad: function () {
  var that = this;
  var key = config.Config.key;
  var myAmapFun = new amapFile.AMapWX({ key: key });
  myAmapFun.getDrivingRoute({
   origin: app.origin,
   destination: app.destination,
   success: function (data) {
    if (data.paths && data.paths[0] && data.paths[0].steps) {
     that.setData({
      steps: data.paths[0].steps
     });
    }
   },
   fail: function (info) {
   }
  })
 }
})

detail.wxml

<view class="text_box" wx:for="{{steps}}" wx:for-item="i" wx:key="j">
 {{i.instruction}}
</view>

这只是个人的一个demo用例。仅做参考。其中还有很多瑕疵,不要介意哈。

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持ASPKU源码库。


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